If the borrower is a salaried employee in a stable job with provable regular income, the mortgage loan application will be more straightforward.
If the borrower does not have regular income, for example, in the case of a salesperson whose income is primarily dependent on commission which varies from month to month, the bank may require more stringent proof of repayment ability (for example, average earnings over a longer period of time) before approving the loan application. The outlook for the industry in which the borrower is engaged is also an important factor for the bank to consider.
For a borrower who is a sole proprietor or a partner in a partnership, the bank will ascertain the profit and turnover of the business by looking at its accounts, financial statements, bank balance and money flows. Sometimes a site visit to the business may be necessary for the bank to assess how the business is running.
In the case of a limited company, in addition to reviewing the accounts and financial statements of the company, the bank will normally require a guarantee of the company's debt to be executed by a guarantor who is usually a director or major shareholder of the company. The bank will also assess the repayment ability of the guarantor in the same way as if the guarantor were the borrower.
Regardless of the type of borrower, the bank will look at the trade, profession or business the borrower is engaged in. The bank's evaluation of the future prospects of such trade, profession or business is an important factor that will influence the bank's decision on the loan application.